Ophthalmologic Manifestations of Leukemias Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 11, 2019
  • Author: Lihteh Wu, MD; Chief Editor: C Stephen Foster, MD, FACS, FACR, FAAO, FARVO  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)?

What is chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)?

What is leukemia?

What is acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)?

What is acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)?

What is the pathophysiology of leukemias?

What is the prevalence of leukemias in the US?

What is the global prevalence of leukemias?

What are the survival and mortality rates of leukemias?

What are the racial predilections of leukemias?

What are the sexual predilections of leukemias?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of leukemias?

What is the prognosis of leukemias?

Presentation

When do ocular symptoms of leukemia typically present?

What are the posterior segment ocular findings characteristic of leukemia?

What are the ocular findings characteristic of direct infiltration of leukemia?

What are the ocular findings characteristic of leukemic retinopathy?

Which anterior segment ocular findings are characteristic of leukemia?

Which ocular orbital findings are characteristic of leukemia?

What causes leukemia?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Ophthalmologic Manifestations of Leukemias?

Workup

What is the role of CBC count in the workup of leukemia?

What is the role of bone marrow aspiration in the workup of leukemia?

What is the role of immunophenotyping in the workup of leukemia?

What is the role of histochemical stains in the workup of leukemia?

What is the role of chromosomal analysis in the workup of leukemia?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of leukemia?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of leukemia?

Treatment

How are leukemias treated?

How are the ophthalmologic manifestations of leukemias treated?

When is an ophthalmic evaluation indicated in the treatment of leukemia?

Guidelines

How common are ophthalmologic manifestations of leukemia?

Follow-up

What are the possible ocular complications of leukemia treatments?

What is the prognosis of ophthalmologic leukemia?