Primary Angle-Closure Glaucoma Differential Diagnoses

Updated: May 09, 2016
  • Author: Clement Chee-yung Tham, BM, BCh, MA, FRCS(Glasg); Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD  more...
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DDx

Diagnostic Considerations

Glaucoma associated with shallow anterior chamber

Primary angle closure

Plateau iris syndrome

Relative pupillary block (most common)

Secondary angle closure

Choroidal hemorrhage (acute)

Ciliochoroidal effusion

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

Arteriovenous malformations

Inflammation

Nanophthalmos

Trauma

Tumor

Uveal effusion syndrome

Cystinosis

Drug-induced acute transitory myopia (eg, diuretics, sulfonamides)

Elevated episcleral venous pressure associated with arteriovenous fistula

Hemorrhagic retinal

Hyperglycemia (acute)

Inflammation

Iridocyclitis with posterior synechiae and iris bombé

Posterior scleritis

Intraocular tumor (posterior segment melanoma, metastatic carcinoma, retinoblastoma, medulloepithelioma)

Lens dislocation

Luetic interstitial keratitis

Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MPS VI)

Multiple cysts of the iris and ciliary body

Nanophthalmos

Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV)

Phakic pupillary block

Postoperative panretinal photocoagulation

Postoperative scleral buckle

Retinal dysplasia

Differential Diagnoses