Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG) Questions & Answers

Updated: Mar 14, 2019
  • Author: Kristin Schmid Biggerstaff, MD; Chief Editor: Inci Irak Dersu, MD, MPH  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What are the signs and symptoms of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the focus of clinical history in the evaluation of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Which patient groups should be screened for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is included in the physical exam for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Which imaging studies are performed in the workup of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

How is primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) treated?

Which medications are used in the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of laser therapy in the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Which surgical treatments are used for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Which minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) techniques are used for the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the pathophysiology of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

How is intraocular pressure (IOP) used in the categorization and treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What are the limitations of a visual field exam in the diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What causes increased intraocular pressure (IOP) in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the prevalence of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in the US?

What is the global prevalence of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the morbidity associated with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the racial predilection of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the sexual predilection of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Which age groups are at highest risk for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the prognosis of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What should be included in patient education about primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What are the risk factors for glaucomatous optic neuropathy in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What are the risk factors for rapid glaucoma progression in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Who should receive primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) screening?

Which tests are performed in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) screening?

What is the algorithm for evaluation of open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Which slit lamp exam findings are characteristic of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of tonometry in the evaluation of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of gonioscopy in the evaluation of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of pachymetry in the evaluation of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of visual field testing in the evaluation of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What causes primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of apoptosis in the etiology of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What causes elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Which disorders should be included in the differential diagnoses of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What are the possible complications of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG)?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of Goldmann applanation tonometry in the workup of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) in the workup of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of the PASCAL Dynamic Contour Tonometer in the workup of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of tonography in the workup of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of provocative testing in the workup of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

When should other causes of visual loss be considered in the evaluation of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Treatment

Which medications are used in the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

How is primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) treated?

What should be discussed with the patient prior to treatment selection for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What should be considered when initiating treatment for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

How is the damage from primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) prevented or delayed?

What are concerns during follow-up care for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of iStent (Glaukos) in the surgical treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of using Solx gold suprachoroidal space microshunt (Solx) in the surgical treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

When is the role of surgery in the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of argon laser trabeculoplasty in the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of trabeculectomy in the management of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of drainage implant surgery in the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the efficacy of drainage implant surgery in the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of ciliary body ablation in the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What are newer techniques for the surgical treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What are is the role of ExPress shunt (Alcon) in the surgical treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of using Cypass Microstent in the surgical treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is the role of Trabectome (NeoMedix) in the surgical treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

What is included in long-term monitoring of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)?

Which medications in the drug class NMDA Antagonists are used in the treatment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG)?

Which medications in the drug class Hyperosmotic agents are used in the treatment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG)?

Which medications in the drug class Rho Kinase/Norepinephrine Transporter Inhibitor are used in the treatment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG)?

Which medications in the drug class Prostaglandin analogs are used in the treatment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG)?

Which medications in the drug class Miotic agents (parasympathomimetics) are used in the treatment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG)?

Which medications in the drug class Antiglaucoma, Combos are used in the treatment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG)?

Which medications in the drug class Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors are used in the treatment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG)?

Which medications in the drug class Alpha2 Agonists, Ophthalmic are used in the treatment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG)?

Which medications in the drug class Beta-adrenergic blockers are used in the treatment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG)?