Intraocular Tumors and Glaucoma Questions & Answers

Updated: Jun 25, 2020
  • Author: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is the relationship between intraocular tumors and glaucoma?

What is the pathophysiology of glaucoma caused by intraocular tumors?

What is the US prevalence of glaucoma caused by intraocular tumors?

What is the mortality associated with intraocular tumors?

What is the prognosis for intraocular tumors and glaucoma?

What is included in patient education about intraocular tumors and glaucoma?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of intraocular tumors?

How are intraocular melanocytomas diagnosed?

How are intraocular tumors diagnosed?

How are intraocular tumors of the iris diagnosed?

How are intraocular tumors of the nonpigmented ciliary epithelium diagnosed?

How are intraocular tumors of the retina (retinoblastoma) diagnosed?

What is the role of neurofibromatosis in the etiology of glaucoma?

Which intraocular tumors cause elevated intraocular pressure?

Which metastatic tumors to the eye may cause glaucoma?

What are phakomatoses?

What is the role of Sturge-Weber syndrome in the etiology of glaucoma?

What is the role of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in the etiology of glaucoma?

What is the role of multiple myeloma in the etiology of glaucoma?

What is the role of juvenile xanthogranuloma in the etiology of glaucoma?

Which conditions are associated with elevated intraocular pressure secondary to pigment release?

What are the possible complications of glaucoma caused by intraocular tumors?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Intraocular Tumors and Glaucoma?

Workup

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of intraocular tumors?

What is the role of biopsy in the workup of intraocular tumors?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of intraocular tumors?

Treatment

How is glaucoma caused by intraocular tumors treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of intraocular tumors and glaucoma?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with intraocular tumors and glaucoma?