Dacryocystitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 20, 2018
  • Author: Grant D Gilliland, MD; Chief Editor: Edsel Ing, MD, MPH, FRCSC  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is dacryocystitis?

What are the treatment options for dacryocystitis?

What causes dacryocystitis?

What is congenital dacryocystitis?

What is the prevalence of dacryocystitis in the US?

What is the mortality and morbidity of dacryocystitis?

What are the racial predilections of dacryocystitis?

How does the prevalence of dacryocystitis vary by sex?

How does the prevalence of dacryocystitis vary by age?

What is the prognosis of dacryocystitis following surgical intervention?

What are the stages of the morphogenesis of the lacrimal system?

What is the embryology of the lacrimal system relevant to dacryocystitis?

What is the anatomy of the lacrimal system relevant to dacryocystitis?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of dacryocystitis?

What is the most common presentation of chronic dacryocystitis?

What causes mattering in patients with dacryocystitis?

What causes cellulitis in acute dacryocystitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of orbital cellulitis in dacryocystitis?

What causes decreased visual acuity in dacryocystitis?

What causes periorbital edema in dacryocystitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of dacryocystitis?

What are the causes of dacryocystitis?

What are the possible etiologies of dacryocystitis?

What is the role of obstruction in the etiology of dacryocystitis?

What is the role of infection in the etiology of dacryocystitis?

What is the role of dacryoliths in the etiology of dacryocystitis?

What is the role malignancy in the etiology of dacryocystitis?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Dacryocystitis?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the workup of dacryocystitis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of dacryocystitis?

What is the role of Schirmer basic secretor testing in the workup of dacryocystitis?

What is the role of dye disappearance testing in the workup of dacryocystitis?

What is the role of the Jones I dye test in the workup of dacryocystitis?

What is the role of the Jones II dye test in the workup of dacryocystitis?

What is the role of nasal endoscopy in the workup of dacryocystitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of dacryocystitis?

Treatment

What are the treatment options for acute dacryocystitis with orbital cellulitis?

What are the treatment options for dacryocystitis with purulent infection?

How is chronic dacryocystitis managed?

How is congenital chronic dacryocystitis managed?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of dacryocystitis?

How is a standard external dacryocystorhinostomy performed for the treatment of dacryocystitis?

Which specialist consultations are helpful in the treatment of dacryocystitis?

How is hemorrhage managed during surgery for dacryocystitis?

How are postoperative infections managed in patients with dacryocystitis?

What causes cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage during surgery for dacryocystitis?

What are the causes of dacryocystorhinostomy failure in patients with dacryocystitis?

How is dacryocystitis prevented?

When is outpatient care indicated for dacryocystitis?

When is inpatient care indicated for dacryocystitis?

Which medications are used in the treatment of dacryocystitis?

When is transfer needed for patients with dacryocystitis?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of dacryocystitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Dacryocystitis?