Benign Essential Blepharospasm Questions & Answers

Updated: May 20, 2019
  • Author: Robert H Graham, MD; Chief Editor: Edsel Ing, MD, MPH, FRCSC  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What is the pathophysiology of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What is the prevalence of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) in the US?

What is the morbidity associated with benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What is the sexual predilection of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What is the prognosis of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What causes benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What are the possible complications of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Benign Essential Blepharospasm?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

How is benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) staged?

Treatment

How is benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) treated?

What is the role of drug treatment for benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What is the role of botulinum A toxin in the treatment of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What are the possible complications of botulinum A toxin in the treatment of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

How is botulinum A toxin administered in the treatment of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What is the efficacy of botulinum A toxin for treatment of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What is the role of myectomy in the treatment of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What is the role of frontalis suspension in the treatment of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What is the role of a superior cervical ganglion block in the treatment of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What is the role of deep brain stimulation in the treatment of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of patients with benign essential blepharospasm (BEB)?

Medications

Which medications in the drug class Botulinum toxins are used in the treatment of Benign Essential Blepharospasm?