Chalazion Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 09, 2019
  • Author: Jean Deschênes, MD, FRCSC; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is a chalazion?

What is the pathogenesis of chalazia?

How do chalazia differ from hordeola?

Which conditions are risk factors for chalazia?

What is the global incidence and prevalence of chalazia?

How does the prevalence of chalazia vary by age?

How does the prevalence of chalazia vary by sex?

How does the prevalence of chalazia vary by race?

What is the prognosis of untreated chalazia?

What are the morbidities associated with chalazia?

What information about chalazia should patients be given?

What are the treatment options for chalazia?

When are complex procedures used for the treatment of chalazia?

Presentation

How does a chalazion present?

What should be the focus of the history when a chalazion is suspected?

What should be documented in the medical history of suspected chalazia?

Which physical signs are characteristic of chalazia?

How is a chalazion differentiated from a hordeolum?

How is the eyelid examined in the evaluation of chalazia?

What findings are significant in the evaluation of chalazia?

Which dermatologic findings are characteristic of chalazia?

What are the potential complications of chalazia?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnosis of chalazia?

What are the differential diagnoses for Chalazion?

Workup

How are chalazia diagnosed?

What is the role of lab studies in the diagnosis of chalazia?

What is the role of visual acuity and visual field testing in the diagnosis of chalazia?

Which histological findings are characteristic of chalazia?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of chalazia?

Treatment

What are the treatment options for chalazia?

What is the role of Demodex folliculorum in the etiology of chalazia?

What are conservative treatment measures for chalazia?

How is the "4 fingers times 10" massage performed for the treatment of chalazia?

How are blocked glandular orifice opened in the treatment of chalazia?

What is the role of pharmacologic therapy in the treatment of chalazia?

Which pharmacologic therapies are effective for maintenance treatment of chalazia?

Which medications are alternatives to tetracyclines for the treatment of chalazia?

When are topical steroids indicated for the treatment of chalazia?

What is the role of steroid injections in the treatment of chalazia?

What is the efficacy of triamcinolone acetonide injections for the treatment of chalazia?

What are the possible complications of steroid injections for the treatment of chalazia?

Who should perform steroid injections and surgical drainage for the treatment of chalazia?

How is anesthesia administered for surgical intervention of chalazia?

How is surgery performed for the removal of chalazia?

When is an external surgical approach indicated for the treatment of a chalazion?

Which surgical intervention is indicated for larger or chronically neglected and excessively fibrotic chalazia?

What are the potential complications of surgery for chalazia?

How is a biopsy performed in the management of chalazia?

What are dietary modifications beneficial in the treatment of chalazia?

Which activity modifications are beneficial in the treatment of chalazia?

How are chalazia prevented?

Which specialists should be consulted in the treatment of chalazia?

What long-term monitoring is needed following treatment of chalazia?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of chalazia?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Chalazion?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Chalazion?