Sudden Visual Loss Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 11, 2019
  • Author: Jean Deschênes, MD, FRCSC; Chief Editor: Edsel B Ing, MD, PhD, MBA, MEd, MPH, MA, FRCSC  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is sudden visual loss?

What is the pathophysiology of sudden visual loss?

What is the prevalence of sudden visual loss?

What is the morbidity and mortality associated with sudden visual loss?

What are the racial predilections of sudden visual loss?

What are the sexual predilections of sudden visual loss?

What is the prognosis of sudden visual loss?

What is included in patient education about sudden visual loss?

Presentation

What is the focus of the clinical history to evaluate sudden visual loss?

What is included in the physical exam to evaluate sudden visual loss?

What causes sudden visual loss?

What are the embolic causes of sudden visual loss?

Which ocular ischemic syndromes cause sudden visual loss?

What are the hematological causes of sudden visual loss?

Which ophthalmic diseases cause sudden visual loss?

What are the neurologic causes of sudden visual loss?

How is hysterical blindness or malingering diagnosed?

Which drugs may cause sudden visual loss?

What is the association between migraine or scintillating scotoma and sudden visual loss?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Sudden Visual Loss?

Workup

How is the etiology of sudden visual loss identified?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of sudden visual loss?

What is the role of cardiac imaging studies in the workup of sudden visual loss?

What is the role of neuroimaging studies in the workup of sudden visual loss?

What is the role of Holter monitoring in the workup of sudden visual loss?

What is the role of temporal artery biopsy in the workup of sudden visual loss?

Treatment

How is sudden visual loss treated?

When is carotid endarterectomy indicated in the treatment of sudden visual loss?

How is nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with sudden visual loss?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of sudden visual loss?

When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of sudden visual loss?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of sudden visual loss?

Which medications in the drug class Antiplatelet agents are used in the treatment of Sudden Visual Loss?