Childhood Optic Neuritis Medication

Updated: Nov 02, 2021
  • Author: Honey H H Herce, MD; Chief Editor: Edsel B Ing, MD, PhD, MBA, MEd, MPH, MA, FRCSC  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

The goals of pharmacotherapy are to reduce morbidity and to prevent complications.

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Corticosteroids

Class Summary

A widely used group of drugs. They have anti-inflammatory properties and cause profound and varied metabolic effects. They modify the body's immune response to diverse stimuli. GI tract absorption is approximately 85% of intravenously administered doses. Corticosteroids are well tolerated. A brief course of steroids is not expected to produce significant adrenal complications. Many physicians prescribe an H2 blocker to prevent GI tract distress.

Methylprednisolone (Medrol, Adlone, Medralone injection)

Decreases inflammation by suppressing migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and reversing increased capillary permeability.

Prednisone (Meticorten, Orasone, Deltasone, Sterapred)

May decrease inflammation by reversing increased capillary permeability and suppressing PMN activity.

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