Optic Atrophy Questions & Answers

Updated: Apr 01, 2019
  • Author: Rashmin Gandhi, MBBS, FRCS(Edin), FRCS(Glasg); Chief Editor: Edsel Ing, MD, MPH, FRCSC  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is optic atrophy?

What is the pathophysiology of optic atrophy?

How is optic atrophy classified?

What are the types of pathologic optic atrophy?

What are the types of ophthalmoscopic optic atrophy?

What are the types of etiologic optic atrophy?

What is the prevalence of optic atrophy?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with optic atrophy?

What are the racial predilections of optic atrophy?

What are the sexual predilections of optic atrophy?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of optic atrophy?

What is the prognosis of optic atrophy?

Presentation

Which physical findings are characteristic of optic atrophy?

How is hereditary and congenital optic atrophy classified?

What causes optic atrophy?

DDX

Which groups of disorders commonly present with optic atrophy?

What are the differential diagnoses for Optic Atrophy?

Workup

What is the role of neuroimaging in the workup of optic atrophy?

What is the role of visual acuity testing in the workup of optic atrophy?

What is the role of color vision testing in the workup of optic atrophy?

What is the role of contrast sensitivity testing in the workup of optic atrophy?

What is the role of pupillary evaluation in the workup of optic atrophy?

What is the role of edge-light pupil cycle time in the workup of optic atrophy?

What is the role of photostress recovery testing in the workup of optic atrophy?

What does a finding of the Pulfrich phenomenon indicate in the workup of optic atrophy?

What is the role of a cranial nerve exam in the workup of optic atrophy?

What does a finding of extraocular movements indicate in the workup of optic atrophy?

Which optic disc changes are characteristic of optic atrophy?

Which findings in the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer are characteristic of optic atrophy?

Which retinal artery findings are characteristic of optic atrophy?

What is the role of visual field testing in the workup of optic atrophy?

What is the role of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the workup of optic atrophy?

What is the role of electroretinography (ERG) in the workup of optic atrophy?

What is the role of visually evoked response in the workup of optic atrophy?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of optic atrophy?

Treatment

How is optic atrophy treated?

When are low-vision aids indicated in the treatment of optic atrophy?

Guidelines

When is neuroimaging indicated in the management of optic atrophy?

Medications

Which medications in the drug class Vitamin, Water Soluble are used in the treatment of Optic Atrophy?