Orbital Cellulitis Questions & Answers

Updated: May 29, 2019
  • Author: John N Harrington, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Edsel B Ing, MD, MPH, FRCSC, PhD, MA  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is orbital cellulitis?

What is the anatomy of orbital cellulitis?

Where can a patient find information about orbital cellulitis?

What three clinical situations where orbital cellulitis may occur?

What is the role of infection in the etiology of orbital cellulitis?

How does infection cause orbital cellulitis?

What is the role of trauma in the etiology of orbital cellulitis?

What are bacteria causes of orbital cellulitis?

What is the role of fungal infection in the etiology of orbital cellulitis?

What is pathophysiology of infection in orbital cellulitis?

At what time of year is orbital cellulitis most prevalent and why?

Which patient groups are at highest risk for orbital cellulitis?

What is the prognosis of orbital cellulitis?

What are possible complications of orbital cellulitis?

Presentation

Which history findings suggest orbital cellulitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of orbital cellulitis include?

What are the signs and symptoms of orbital cellulitis?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of orbital cellulitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Orbital Cellulitis?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the evaluation of orbital cellulitis?

Which imaging studies are used in the evaluation of orbital cellulitis?

What is the role of lumbar puncture in the evaluation of orbital cellulitis?

Treatment

What are the treatment options for orbital cellulitis?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of orbital cellulitis?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial in the management of orbital cellulitis?

When is transfer indicated for patients with orbital cellulitis?

How is orbital cellulitis prevented?

Which dietary modification are used in the treatment of orbital cellulitis?

How are patients with orbital cellulitis monitored during treatment?

What is included in inpatient care for orbital cellulitis?

What is the role of medications in the treatment of orbital cellulitis?

What are indications for surgical drainage for abscess in orbital cellulitis?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of orbital cellulitis?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Orbital Cellulitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antiglaucoma, Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Orbital Cellulitis?

Which medications in the drug class Decongestants, Intranasal are used in the treatment of Orbital Cellulitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antifungals, Systemic are used in the treatment of Orbital Cellulitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics, Other are used in the treatment of Orbital Cellulitis?