Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO) Questions & Answers

Updated: Apr 18, 2019
  • Author: Lakshmana M Kooragayala, MD; Chief Editor: Douglas R Lazzaro, MD, FAAO, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

How is central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) classified?

What is the pathophysiology of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the prevalence of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in the US?

What is the global prevalence of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the morbidity and mortality associated with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What are the racial predilections of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What are the sexual predilections of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the prognosis of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is included in patient education about central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What are the initial signs and symptoms of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What are the signs and symptoms in the later stages of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What causes central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Which conditions are associated with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Which factors affect the risk of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What are the possible complications of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO)?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of fluorescein angiography in the workup of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of OCT angiography (OCTA) in the workup of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of electroretinography (ERG) in the workup of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Treatment

How is central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) treated?

What is the role of corticosteroid therapy in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of triamcinolone therapy in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of dexamethasone therapy in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of antivascular endothelial growth factors in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of ranibizumab in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of aflibercept in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of bevacizumab in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of laser photocoagulation in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of chorioretinal venous anastomosis in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of radial optic neurotomy (RON) in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

What is the role of vitrectomy in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

How is central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) prevented?

What is included in long-term monitoring of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO)?

Which medications in the drug class Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO)?