Exudative Retinal Detachment Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Jul 22, 2022
  • Author: Lihteh Wu, MD; Chief Editor: Inci Irak Dersu, MD, MPH  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

Rhegmatogenous and tractional retinal detachments need to be ruled out. [1]

Exudative retinal detachments may be caused by inflammatory, infectious, neoplastic, and other miscellaneous conditions. Inflammatory conditions include Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome, scleritis, intermediate uveitis, and sympathetic ophthalmia among others. Infectious conditions include syphilis, tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis, and fungal infections among others. Neoplastic conditions include choroidal hemangioma, uveal melanoma, retinal vasoproliferative tumors, choroidal metastasis, and choroidal osteomas among others. Miscellaneous conditions that can cause an exudative retinal detachment include age-related macular degeneration, central serous chorioretinopathy, optic pits, uveal effusion syndrome, retinpathy of prematurity, and familial exudative vitreoretinopathy among others.


Differential Diagnoses