Proliferative Retinal Detachment Medication

Updated: Sep 26, 2017
  • Author: Steve Charles, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

Subconjunctival dexamethasone is indicated at the end of surgery, unless the patient is a steroid glaucoma responder. Topical difluprednate and prednisolone acetate are the topical drugs of choice and should be used at 3-4 times per day.

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Corticosteroids

Class Summary

Have anti-inflammatory properties and cause profound and varied metabolic effects. In addition, these agents modify the body's immune response to diverse stimuli.

Betamethasone (Diprolene, Betatrex)

For inflammatory dermatosis responsive to steroids. Decreases inflammation by suppressing migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and reversing capillary permeability.

Prednisolone acetate (Pred Forte)

Used to suppress inflammation. Decreases inflammation by suppressing migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and reducing capillary permeability.

Triamcinolone (Kenalog)

Decreases inflammation by suppressing migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and reversing capillary permeability. Longer duration creates additional steroid glaucoma risk in patients who are steroid responders.

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