Choroidal Neovascular Membranes Follow-up

Updated: Mar 01, 2017
  • Author: Steve Charles, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Follow-up

Further Outpatient Care

Postsubmacular surgery patients require a first postoperative day visit, followed by a 2- to 3-week visit. Thereafter, any time that the patient notes a change in the Amsler grid, a visit should be scheduled.

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Further Inpatient Care

All medical and surgical treatments for choroidal neovascular membranes (CNVMs) can be performed in an outpatient setting.

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Transfer

Retinal specialists should manage patients with CNVM.

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Complications

Recurrent CNVMs occur in 25-50% of submacular surgery cases.

Cataracts occur frequently after vitreoretinal surgery.

Subretinal, suprachoroidal, and vitreous hemorrhage can occur after surgery.

Retinal detachment can occur after surgery.

Endophthalmitis can occur after any ocular surgery or intravitreal injection.

Steroid glaucoma occurs 20-30% of the time after intravitreal injection of Kenalog.

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Prognosis

There is a 25-50% chance of recurrent CNVM after submacular surgery. Submacular hemorrhage is not uncommon after submacular surgery. Postoperative vision typically is limited by recurrences, damage to the RPE, and overlying retina.

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Patient Education

Advise patients to use the Amsler grid to monitor their central fields daily. [189]

For excellent patient education resources, visit eMedicineHealth's Eye and Vision Center. Also, see eMedicineHealth's patient education article Macular Degeneration.

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