Scleritis Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 01, 2018
  • Author: Manolette R Roque, MD, MBA, FPAO; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are the signs and symptoms of scleritis?

What are the most common causes of scleritis?

Which medications are used in the treatment of scleritis?

What is scleritis?

How is scleritis classified?

What is the pathophysiology of scleritis?

What is the prevalence of scleritis in the US?

What is the global prevalence of scleritis?

What is the morbidity associated with scleritis?

What are the sexual predilections of scleritis?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of scleritis?

What is the prognosis of scleritis?

How are patients with the signs and symptoms of scleritis evaluated?

Presentation

What are the components of the clinical history for suspected scleritis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of scleritis?

Which medical and ocular histories are characteristic of scleritis?

Which body systems should be reviewed in the history for suspected scleritis?

What is included in the physical exam to evaluate scleritis?

Which scleral findings are characteristic of scleritis?

What is assessed during a general eye exam for scleritis?

What causes scleritis?

What are the possible complications of scleritis?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Scleritis?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of scleritis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of scleritis?

How is infectious scleritis diagnosed?

What is the role of angiography in the workup of scleritis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of diffuse scleritis or nodular scleritis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of necrotizing scleritis?

Treatment

How is scleritis treated?

How are diffuse scleritis and nodular scleritis treated?

How is necrotizing scleritis treated?

How is infectious scleritis treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of scleritis?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with scleritis?

What is included in long-term monitoring of scleritis?

What is the role of creatinine clearance in treatment selection for scleritis?

When is inpatient treatment indicated for scleritis?

Medications

What is the goal of medical treatment for scleritis?

Which medications in the drug class Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used in the treatment of Scleritis?

Which medications in the drug class Monoclonal antibodies are used in the treatment of Scleritis?

Which medications in the drug class Immunosuppressive drugs are used in the treatment of Scleritis?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Scleritis?