Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 06, 2020
  • Author: Junichi Tamai, MD; Chief Editor: William L Jaffe, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What anatomy is relevant to developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What is the pathophysiology of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What causes developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What is the prevalence of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What is the prognosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

Presentation

Which physical findings are characteristic of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What are the possible complications of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

Workup

What is the role of ultrasonography in the workup of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What is the role of plain radiography in the workup of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What are the roles of CT scanning and MRI in the workup of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What is the role of arthrography in the workup of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

Treatment

When is surgery indicated in the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

When is treatment indicated for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What is the role of Pavlik harness in the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What is the efficacy of an abduction brace for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What is the efficacy of a Pavlik harness for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

How is closed reduction performed for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What is the role of open reduction in the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What is the role of the anterolateral or Smith-Petersen approach in the surgical treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?

What is the role of pelvic osteotomy in the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?