Vitamin E Deficiency Medication

Updated: Sep 30, 2016
  • Author: Gary E Caplan, MD, MPH, FACOEM; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

Comparison of the recommended daily allowance (RDA), deficiency replacement dose, and preventive dose in international units (IUs) and milligrams is shown in the image below.

Comparison of the recommended daily allowance (RDA Comparison of the recommended daily allowance (RDA), deficiency replacement dose, and preventive dose in international units (IUs) and milligrams.

The RDA of alpha tocopherol according to age is as follows:

  • Age 0-6 months - 3 mg

  • Age 6-12 months - 4 mg

  • Age 1-3 years - 6 mg

  • Age 4-10 years - 7 mg

  • Adults and elderly individuals - 8-10 mg

Prevention

Vitamin E supplementation is important, because apparently effective doses are beyond the maximum dietary intake. Supplementation with vitamin E is extremely safe except when normal coagulation mechanisms are impaired.

Replacement recommendations according to disease state are as follows:

  • Abetalipoproteinemia - 100-200 IU/kg/d

  • Chronic cholestasis - 15-25 IU/kg/d

  • Cystic fibrosis - 5-10 IU/kg/d

  • Short-bowel syndrome - 200-3600 IU/d

  • Isolated vitamin E deficiency - 800-3600 IU/d

Larger doses are required in short-bowel syndrome and isolated vitamin E deficiency state.

Pregnancy/lactation

Vitamin E is in the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) pregnancy category A. Breastfeeding is safe.

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Vitamins

Class Summary

Essential for normal cell function.

Vitamin E (alpha tocopherol)

Protects cell membranes from free radical attacks.

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