Atlantoaxial Instability Questions & Answers

Updated: May 13, 2020
  • Author: Daniel P Leas, MD; Chief Editor: Jeffrey A Goldstein, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What are the patterns of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What abnormalities are involved in atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What is the definition of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What pathophysiology is involved in symptomatic atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

How does rheumatoid arthritis (RA) manifest in the pathophysiology of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What is Grisel syndrome in atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

Which congenital conditions are associated with atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What causes atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

Which conditions are associated with atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

How common is atlantoaxial instability (AAI) in the US?

What are the demographics of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What is the prognosis of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What is the morbidity and mortality of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What is involved in patient education on atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

Presentation

What is the clinical presentation of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

When is a thorough spine exam indicated in suspected atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What are the clinical findings in atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What are the potential complications of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

DDX

What are the diagnostic considerations in the workup of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

Workup

Which lab studies are indicated in the workup of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

When is plain radiography indicated in the workup of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What are the benefits of CT scanning in the workup of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

When is MRI indicated in the workup of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What other tests are indicated in the workup of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

How are rotatory displacements classified in atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

Treatment

What is the medical care for atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What are the treatment goals for atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What are the Fielding and Hawkins treatment recommendations for atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What are the surgical options for C1-2 fixation fusion in atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

Which anatomic anomalies should be noted in the surgical treatment of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

When is surgery indicated in pediatric patients with atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

When is surgery most successful in the treatment of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

When is surgery contraindicated in the treatment of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

When is surgery indicated for the treatment of atlantoaxial instability (AAI) in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?

What special considerations are indicated in the surgical care of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What activity restrictions are indicated in the treatment of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What consultations are indicated in the treatment of atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

What is involved in the long-term monitoring of patients with atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?

Medications

What is the medical therapy for atlantoaxial instability (AAI)?