Nipple-Areola Reconstruction Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 31, 2019
  • Author: Yoon Sun Chun, MD; Chief Editor: James Neal Long, MD, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is the prevalence of nipple-areola reconstruction?

What are the benefits of nipple-areola reconstruction?

Which techniques are used in nipple-areola reconstruction?

What is the evolution of nipple-areola reconstruction?

When is nipple-areola reconstruction indicated?

What is the anatomy of the breast relevant to nipple-areola reconstruction?

What are contraindications for nipple-areola reconstruction?

Treatment

What are the non-surgical options for nipple-areola reconstruction?

What is the role of prosthetic devices in nipple-areola reconstruction?

What is the role of skin grafts in areola reconstruction?

What is the role of banking in areola reconstruction?

What is the role of tattooing in areola reconstruction?

What is the role of surgery in nipple reconstruction?

What are the preoperative considerations in contralateral nipple-areola reconstruction?

What are the preoperative considerations in bilateral nipple-areola reconstruction?

What is a skate flap in nipple-areola reconstruction?

What is a bell flap in nipple-areola reconstruction?

What is a double opposing tab flap in nipple-areola reconstruction?

What is a star flap in nipple-areola reconstruction?

What is a spiral flap in nipple-areola reconstruction?

What is a trapeze flap (modified Thomas technique) in nipple-areola reconstruction?

What is a C-V flap in nipple-areola reconstruction?

What is included in postoperative care following nipple-areola reconstruction?

What are the possible complications of nipple-areola reconstruction?

What are the expected outcomes following nipple-areola reconstruction?

What is nipple-areola reconstruction?