Thyroid Dysfunction Induced by Amiodarone Therapy Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 08, 2018
  • Author: Mini Gopalan, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

What is the role of amiodarone in the pathophysiology of thyroid dysfunction?

What is the prevalence of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction in the US?

What is the global prevalence of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

What is the disease progression of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

What are the racial predilections of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

What are the sexual predilections of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

What is the prognosis of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

What is included in patient education about amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

What are the signs and symptoms of amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT)?

What are the signs and symptoms of amiodarone-induced hypothyroidism (AIH)?

Which family history findings are characteristic of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

Which physical findings are characteristic of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

What are the risk factors for amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Thyroid Dysfunction Induced by Amiodarone Therapy?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

What is the role of color flow Doppler ultrasonography in the diagnosis of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

What is the role of nuclear medicine imaging in the diagnosis of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

Treatment

How is amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

What dietary restrictions are indicated in patients with amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

What are the possible complications of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

How is amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction prevented?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of patients with amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?

Guidelines

What are the ETA treatment guidelines for amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction?