Penile Epispadias Reconstruction Workup

Updated: Feb 19, 2020
  • Author: Fabio Santanelli di Pompeo, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Jorge I de la Torre, MD, FACS  more...
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Workup

Laboratory Studies

See the list below:

  • Obtain a complete blood cell count.

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Imaging Studies

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  • Obtain a chest radiograph if indicated based on examination findings or the patient's history.

  • Radiologic (eg, intravenous pyelogram) and ultrasound evaluations of the urogenital system (eg, kidneys, ureters, bladder; urethra, genitalia) are usually necessary to evaluate the extent of the defect. (For more information on bedside ultrasonography of the kidneys, see Medscape Reference article Obstructive Uropathy Assessment using Bedside Ultrasonography.)

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Other Tests

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  • Obtain an ECG for operating room guidelines.

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