Osteomyelitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 12, 2020
  • Author: Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA; Chief Editor: Murali Poduval, MBBS, MS, DNB  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is osteomyelitis?

Where in the skeleton is osteomyelitis found?

What is the pathophysiology of osteomyelitis?

What is the pathophysiology of hematogenous osteomyelitis?

What is the pathophysiology of contiguous-focus and posttraumatic osteomyelitis?

What is the pathophysiology of vertebral osteomyelitis?

What is the pathophysiology of osteomyelitis in children?

What causes osteomyelitis?

What is the prevalence of osteomyelitis?

What is the prognosis for osteomyelitis?

What is included in patient education about osteomyelitis?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of osteomyelitis?

Which physical exam findings are characteristic of osteomyelitis?

What are the possible complications of osteomyelitis?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of osteomyelitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Osteomyelitis?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup for osteomyelitis?

Which organization published imaging guidelines for osteomyelitis?

What is the role of radiography in the workup for osteomyelitis?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup for osteomyelitis?

What is the role of MRI in the workup for osteomyelitis?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the workup for osteomyelitis?

What is the role of bone scans in the workup for osteomyelitis?

What is the role of bone biopsy in the workup for osteomyelitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of osteomyelitis?

What are the most common systems for osteomyelitis classification?

What is the Gordon classification for osteomyelitis?

What is the Ger classification for osteomyelitis?

What is the Weiland classification for osteomyelitis?

What is the Kelly classification for osteomyelitis?

Treatment

How is osteomyelitis treated?

What is the role of medications in the treatment of osteomyelitis?

What are the possible complications of the Ilizarov surgical technique to treatment osteomyelitis?

How is the Cierny-Mader classification system used to guide treatment selection for osteomyelitis?

What is included in surgical treatment of osteomyelitis?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of osteomyelitis?

How is dead space managed following the surgical treatment of osteomyelitis?

What is the role of preoperative CT scanning in the treatment of osteomyelitis?

What is the role of antibiotic-impregnated ceramics in the treatment of osteomyelitis?

What is the Ilizarov surgical technique for the treatment of osteomyelitis?

How is wound closed following surgical treatment of osteomyelitis?

What is the role of adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the treatment of osteomyelitis?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of children with osteomyelitis?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of adults with osteomyelitis?

Guidelines

What are the American College of Radiology (ACR) imaging guidelines for osteomyelitis?

Which organization has published guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of vertebral osteomyelitis?

What are the IDSA recommendations for diagnosis of osteomyelitis?

What are the IDSA recommendations for the treatment of osteomyelitis?

What are the IDSA recommendations for monitoring patients following treatment of osteomyelitis?