Benign Neonatal Sleep Myoclonus Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 17, 2019
  • Author: Marc P DiFazio, MD; Chief Editor: Ted Rosenkrantz, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

What is the pathophysiology of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

What is the US prevalence of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

At what age is the onset of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM) most common?

What is the prognosis of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

What are the possible complications of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

DDX

Why is it important to differentiate benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM) from epilepsy?

How is benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM) differentiated from benign neonatal essential myoclonus?

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Benign Neonatal Sleep Myoclonus?

Workup

What steps can be taken to avoid unnecessary diagnostic testing for benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

What is the role of EEG in the workup of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

Treatment

How is benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM) treated?

When is inpatient care indicated in the treatment of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

What is the role of medications in the treatment of benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?

What is included in the long-term monitoring for benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM)?