Immunoglobulin A Deficiency Treatment & Management

Updated: May 15, 2018
  • Author: Marina Y Dolina, MD; Chief Editor: Michael A Kaliner, MD  more...
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Treatment

Medical Care

The approach to treatment includes identification of comorbid conditions; preventive measures to reduce the risk of infection; and prompt, rigorous, and effective treatment of infections. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery can frequently help relieve chronic obstruction and promote drainage. Tympanostomy tubes may also be helpful in reducing the risk of decreased hearing and secondary defective speech development in children with chronic suppurative otitis related to antibody deficiency.

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Surgical Care

Some patients with recurrent sinusitis require surgical interventions to promote drainage.

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Consultations

See the list below:

  • Rheumatologist

  • Otolaryngologist

  • Allergist/immunologist

  • Pulmonologist

  • Gastroenterologist

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Diet

Dietary modifications may be necessary to manage chronic diarrhea and malabsorption or food allergy. A gluten-free diet and, possibly, other restricted diets are important for treatment in patients with celiac disease or who have IgG antibodies to animal proteins in milk or other foods.

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Activity

A priori restrictions are not necessary, but patients with chronic lung disease may have decreased exercise tolerance.

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