Vocal Cord Dysfunction Questions & Answers

Updated: May 15, 2018
  • Author: Praveen Buddiga, MD, FAAAAI; Chief Editor: Michael A Kaliner, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the pathophysiology of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the prevalence of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) in the US?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What are the sexual predilections of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

Which physical findings suggest vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What causes vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

DDX

What should be included in the differential diagnoses of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Vocal Cord Dysfunction?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of eosinophil count in the diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of a serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) assay in the diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of arterial blood gases (ABG) in the diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of c1 inhibitor and c4 levels in the diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role chest radiography in the diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of pulmonary function testing in the diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of the Pittsburgh vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) index in the diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of a methacholine challenge test in the diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of exercise testing in the diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of allergy skin testing in the diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of laryngoscopy in the diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

Treatment

Who should provide treatment for vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of speech therapy in the treatment of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of psychotherapy in the treatment of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of helium-oxygen therapy in the treatment of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of ipratropium in the treatment of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of botulinum toxin in the treatment of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of panting in the treatment of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What is the role of topical lidocaine in the treatment of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

Medications

What is the role of drug treatment for vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

Follow-up

What is included in the ongoing outpatient care for vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

How is vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) prevented?

What is the prognosis of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?

What should be included in patient education about vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)?