HELLP Syndrome Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 08, 2018
  • Author: Huma Khan, MD; Chief Editor: Ronald M Ramus, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is HELLP syndrome?

What is the pathophysiology of HELLP syndrome?

What causes HELLP syndrome?

What are the risk factors for HELLP syndrome?

What is the prevalence of HELLP syndrome?

What are the racial predilections of HELLP syndrome?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of HELLP syndrome?

What is the prognosis of HELLP syndrome?

What are the maternal mortality rates of HELLP syndrome?

What are the fetal mortality rates of HELLP syndrome?

What is included in patient education about HELLP syndrome?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of HELLP syndrome?

Which physical findings are characteristic of HELLP syndrome?

What are the possible maternal complications of HELLP syndrome?

What are the possible neonatal complications of HELLP syndrome?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for HELLP Syndrome?

Workup

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of HELLP syndrome?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of HELLP syndrome?

Which systems are used to classify HELLP syndrome?

What is the Mississippi HELLP syndrome classification?

What is the Tennessee HELLP syndrome classification?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of HELLP syndrome?

Treatment

How is HELLP syndrome treated?

What is included in prehospital care for HELLP syndrome?

How is HELLP syndrome treated in the emergency department (ED)?

How are seizures prevented in HELLP syndrome?

How is hypertension treated in HELLP syndrome?

What is the role of corticosteroids in the treatment of HELLP syndrome?

What are the guidelines for delivery in patients with HELLP syndrome?

Which factors determine if cesarean delivery is indicated for women with HELLP syndrome?

What steps should be taken prior to performing a cesarean delivery of a woman with HELLP syndrome?

What is the role of postpartum curettage in the treatment of HELLP syndrome?

How is hepatic hematoma treated in HELLP syndrome?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of HELLP syndrome?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with HELLP syndrome?

When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of women with HELLP syndrome?

How are women with HELLP syndrome monitored?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of HELLP syndrome?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of HELLP Syndrome?

Which medications in the drug class Anticonvulsants are used in the treatment of HELLP Syndrome?

Which medications in the drug class Antihypertensive Agent are used in the treatment of HELLP Syndrome?