Transjugular Liver Biopsy Periprocedural Care

Updated: Jan 25, 2016
  • Author: Sapna Puppala, MBBS, MRCS, MRCS(Edin), FRCS(Edin), FRCR, CBCCT, EBIR; Chief Editor: Justin A Siegal, MD  more...
  • Print
Periprocedural Care

Equipment

The biopsy kit commonly used is manufactured by Cook Medical (Bloomington, IN). The kit contains the following materials, which can be assembled if the kit is unavailable:

  • Long (49 cm) sheath, 7 French (see the first image below)
  • Angled metal sheath stiffener (see the second image below)
  • Straight catheter, 5 French
  • Cutting biopsy needle, 60 cm (see the third image below)
  • Multipurpose catheter, 5 French
  • Guide wire
7F sheath (outer blue) with inner straight cathete 7F sheath (outer blue) with inner straight catheter (black).
Sheath with metal stiffener. Note the metal guide Sheath with metal stiffener. Note the metal guide at the proximal end.
Biopsy needle. Biopsy needle.

Other equipment needed includes the following:

  • Ultrasound machine with linear-array probe
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Skin disinfectant (eg, chlorhexidine, povidone-iodine solution)
  • Heparinized saline (1000 U heparin in 1000 mL of 0.9% NaCl)
  • Basic angiography kit, including puncture needle
  • Sheath, 5 French
  • Cobra-2 catheter
  • Hydrophilic-coated guide wire (Terumo, Somerset, NJ)
  • 1-cm floppy-tip Amplatz guide wires
Next:

Patient Preparation

Anesthesia

In adults, local anesthesia (eg, lidocaine 1% 10 mL) is required for the jugular puncture site on the neck. (For more information, see Local Anesthetic Agents, Infiltrative Administration.) In children, general anesthesia is usually required for this procedure.

Positioning

Position the patient supine with the patient’s head turned away from the jugular puncture site.

Previous