Aortic Coarctation Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Feb 26, 2018
  • Author: Sandy N Shah, DO, MBA, FACC, FACP, FACOI; Chief Editor: Yasmine S Ali, MD, MSCI, FACC, FACP  more...
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DDx

Diagnostic Considerations

The differential diagnosis of coarctation of aorta depends on the patient's clinical presentation.

Neonates with heart failure may present with the following:

  • Coarctation of aorta
  • Severe obstruction to left heart (eg, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, severe critical aortic valve stenosis)
  • Sepsis
  • Myocarditis
  • Perinatal hypoxia

Patients with unequal pulses and blood pressures may present with the following:

  • Peripheral arterial disease (due to atherosclerosis, or arterial thrombosis from previous catheterization)
  • Prior surgical ligation (history of Blalcock-Taussig shunt)
  • Aortic dissection
  • Supravalvular aortic stenosis

Differential Diagnoses