Cardiac Cirrhosis and Congestive Hepatopathy Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 03, 2020
  • Author: Mansoor Arif, MD; Chief Editor: Gyanendra K Sharma, MD, FACC, FASE  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the pathophysiology of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What causes cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the role of the Fontan procedure in the etiology of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the US prevalence of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the prognosis of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What are the signs and symptoms of right-sided heart failure in cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What are the signs and symptoms of biventricular heart failure in cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of edema in cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Which jugular venous pressure findings are characteristic of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Which lung exam findings are characteristic of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Which cardiac exam findings are characteristic of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Which hepatic findings are characteristic of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What are the signs of advanced underlying heart disease in cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

DDX

What should be considered when cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy) is suspected?

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnosis of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Cardiac Cirrhosis and Congestive Hepatopathy?

Workup

What is the role of liver function tests in the workup of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the role of prothrombin time (PT) tests in the workup of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the role of chest radiography in the workup of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the role of echocardiography in the workup of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the role of radionuclide imaging in the workup of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the workup of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the role of CT scanning and MRI in the workup of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the role of electrocardiography in the workup of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the role of paracentesis in the workup of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the role of cardiac catheterization in the workup of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the role of liver needle biopsy in the workup of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is the role of endomyocardial biopsy in the workup of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Treatment

How is cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy) treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

What is included in the long-term monitoring for cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Which medications in the drug class Diuretics are used in the treatment of Cardiac Cirrhosis and Congestive Hepatopathy?

Follow-up

When is inpatient care indicated for the treatment of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

How is cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy) prevented?

What are the possible complications of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Which factors affect the prognosis of cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy)?

Where can patient education resources for cardiac cirrhosis (congestive hepatopathy) be found?