Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 12, 2019
  • Author: Sandy N Shah, DO, MBA, FACC, FACP, FACOI; Chief Editor: Yasmine S Ali, MD, FACC, FACP, MSCI  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What are the signs and symptoms of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Which imaging studies are performed in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Which medications are used in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Which procedures are performed in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the typical progression of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Which treatment advances have led to a reduction in mortality from coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Which coronary anatomy is relevant to the understanding of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

How is coronary artery atherosclerosis characterized?

What has whole-exome sequencing revealed about the pathogenesis of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of plaque growth in the pathophysiology of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of plaque rupture in the pathophysiology of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

How are lesions classified in coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What causes coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of endothelial injury in the etiology of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of LDL cholesterol in the etiology of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What are the risk factors for coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the typical disease course of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the US prevalence of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the global prevalence of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

How do environmental factors affect the global prevalence of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What are the racial predilections of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What are the sexual predilections of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the Pooled Cohort ASCVD Risk Equation?

What are the mortality rates for coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the prognosis of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is included in patient education about coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

DDX

How do the signs and symptoms of coronary artery atherosclerosis vary?

What are the differential diagnoses for Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What are the AHA/ACC guidelines on coronary artery atherosclerosis screening?

What are the ACP guidelines on coronary artery atherosclerosis screening?

Which risk markers are used in coronary artery atherosclerosis screening?

What is the role of FFR in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Which lipid studies are performed in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Which lab tests are not recommended by the ACC/AHA for coronary artery atherosclerosis screening?

Which serum markers are used in coronary artery atherosclerosis screening?

What is the role of biomarkers in coronary artery atherosclerosis screening?

What is the role of echocardiography in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of nuclear imaging studies in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of MDCT in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of EBCT in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of OCT imaging in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of PET scanning in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of coronary angiography in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of Doppler velocity probes in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What are the limitations of Doppler velocity probes in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of CFR in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of brachial artery reactivity in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of carotid artery imaging in the workup of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of intravascular ultrasonography in the workup of

Which is the role of histology in the diagnosis of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Treatment

How is coronary artery atherosclerosis treated?

How have prevention interventions affected outcomes for coronary artery atherosclerosis?

How is coronary artery atherosclerosis prevented?

How is coronary artery atherosclerosis prevented in patients with diabetes?

What is the role of ACE inhibitors in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of antiplatelet therapy in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis prevented?

What is the role of aspirin in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of DAPT in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

How is angina treated in coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of beta-blockers in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of calcium channel blockers in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of nitrates in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of ranolazine in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of hormone therapy in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of antibiotic therapy in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the role of revascularization in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What is the efficacy of PCI in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What are the ESC treatment guidelines for stable coronary artery disease and coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

When are partial ileal bypass, chelation therapy or plethysmography/extracorporeal counterpulsation used in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

How is coronary artery atherosclerosis treated following revascularization therapy?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Guidelines

What are the ACC/AHA guidelines on the primary prevention of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

What are the ACC/AHA/HRS guidelines on assessing and treating bradycardia and cardiac conduction delay?

What are the ACC/AHA guidelines to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk in adults?

What is the ACC decision pathway on novel therapies for atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk reduction?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk in adults

Which medications in the drug class Antianginal Agent are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis?

Which medications in the drug class Antioxidants are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis?

Which medications in the drug class Bile Acid Sequestrants are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis?

Which medications in the drug class Fibric Acid Derivatives are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis?

Which medications in the drug class Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis?

Which medications in the drug class Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis?

Which medications in the drug class ACE Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis?

Which medications in the drug class Calcium Channel Blocker are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis?

Which medications in the drug class PCSK9 Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis?

Which medications in the drug class HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis?