Ventricular Fibrillation Questions & Answers

Updated: Jun 06, 2018
  • Author: Sandeep K Goyal, MD, FHRS; Chief Editor: Jeffrey N Rottman, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

Where can patient education resources about ventricular fibrillation (VF) be found?

What is the pathophysiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of Brugada syndrome in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of coronary artery disease (CAD) in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of ischemic heart disease in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of nonischemic cardiomyopathies in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of arrhythmogenic right ventricular (RV) cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D) in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of aortic stenosis in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of chronic aortic insufficiency in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of mitral stenosis in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of congenital structural heart disease in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What causes paroxysmal ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What causes idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT), in ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of pulmonary embolism in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of aortic dissection in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of Tasers in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of nonstructural abnormalities in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of congenital long QT syndrome in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of Romano-Ward syndrome in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of Andersen-Tawil syndrome in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of Timothy syndrome in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What are is the role of acquired long QT syndrome in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

Which medications cause ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of catecholaminergic polymorphic VT (CPVT in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome in the etiology of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the incidence of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in the US?

What is the global incidence of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

Which patient groups have the highest incidence of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the prognosis of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the prevalence of anoxic encephalopathy in patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF), and how does it affect prognosis?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What are risk factors for ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

Which conditions increase the risk of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of the cardiac arrest score in the initial evaluation of ventricular fibrillation (VF) and how is it calculated?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Ventricular Fibrillation?

Workup

How is ventricular fibrillation (VF) diagnosed?

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of chest radiography in the workup of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

Who should be screened for ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of electrocardiography in the evaluation of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of echocardiography in the workup of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of nuclear imaging in the workup of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of coronary angiography in the workup of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of electrophysiologic studies (EPS) in the workup of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

Treatment

How is ventricular fibrillation (VF) treated?

What is the role of defibrillation in the treatment of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

How is defibrillation administered for ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) algorithm for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and defibrillation for ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

Which vasopressors are administered during advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) for ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of antiarrhythmic agents in the advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) algorithm for ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

Which abnormalities should be treated during advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) for ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is included in advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) for refractory ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is included in postresuscitative care in patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the treatment of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) in the treatment of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the role of cardiac surgery in the treatment of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What are the risk factors for sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial for patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

Guidelines

Which organizations have issued cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and emergency cardiovascular care (ECC) guidelines for patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What is the AHA adult cardiac arrest algorithm for ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

According to AHA guidelines, when can termination of resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) be considered?

What are the AHA guidelines for defibrillation in patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What are the AHA guidelines for airway control and ventilation in patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What are the AHA guidelines for the administration of drugs during cardiac arrest in patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

According to ACC/AHA/HRS guidelines, what are the class I recommendations for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy for ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

According to ACC/AHA/HRS guidelines, what are the class IIa recommendations for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy for ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

According to ACC/AHA/HRS guidelines, what are the class III recommendations against implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy for ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What are the HRS/EHRA/APHRS treatment guidelines for idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

What are the ESC treatment guidelines for idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of ventricular fibrillation (VF)?

Which medications in the drug class Vasopressors are used in the treatment of Ventricular Fibrillation?

Which medications in the drug class Antidysrhythmics, V are used in the treatment of Ventricular Fibrillation?

Which medications in the drug class Antidysrhythmics, III are used in the treatment of Ventricular Fibrillation?

Which medications in the drug class Antidysrhythmics, Ib are used in the treatment of Ventricular Fibrillation?

Which medications in the drug class Antidysrhythmics, Ia are used in the treatment of Ventricular Fibrillation?