Pulseless Electrical Activity Questions & Answers

Updated: Mar 27, 2018
  • Author: Sandy N Shah, DO, MBA, FACC, FACP, FACOI; Chief Editor: Jose M Dizon, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What is the 3 and 3 rule of pulseless electrical activity (PEA) etiology?

What causes pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What is the role of decreased preload in the etiology of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What is the role of increased afterload in the etiology of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What is the role of decreased myocardial contractility in the etiology of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What are the risk factors for pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What causes obstruction to circulation in pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What is the role of myocardial infarction in the etiology of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What is the prevalence of pulseless electrical activity (PEA) in the US?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What is the prognosis of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What are the mortality rates for pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

Presentation

Which physical findings are characteristic of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Pulseless Electrical Activity?

Workup

What is included in the workup of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What is the role of echocardiography in the workup of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

Treatment

How is pulseless electrical activity (PEA) treated?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

How is pulseless electrical activity (PEA) prevented?

What is the role of pharmacologic therapy in the treatment of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

Guidelines

Which organizations have issued pulseless electrical activity (PEA) guidelines?

What are the clinical guidelines for the initial treatment of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What are the reversible causes of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What are the AHA guidelines for airway control and ventilation in patients with pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

What are the AHA guidelines for medication management in patients with pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of pulseless electrical activity (PEA)?

Which medications in the drug class Alkalinizing Agents are used in the treatment of Pulseless Electrical Activity?

Which medications in the drug class Anticholinergic Agents are used in the treatment of Pulseless Electrical Activity?

Which medications in the drug class Inotropic Agents are used in the treatment of Pulseless Electrical Activity?