Hypertensive Encephalopathy Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 10, 2018
  • Author: Irawan Susanto, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is hypertensive encephalopathy?

What is the pathophysiology of hypertensive encephalopathy?

What causes hypertensive encephalopathy?

Which patient groups are at highest risk for hypertensive encephalopathy?

What is included in patient education about hypertensive encephalopathy?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of hypertensive encephalopathy?

What is the role of neurologic and ophthalmoscopic (funduscopic) exam in the evaluation of hypertensive encephalopathy?

Which physical findings are characteristic of hypertensive encephalopathy?

What are possible complications of hypertensive encephalopathy?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnosis of hypertensive encephalopathy?

What are the differential diagnoses for Hypertensive Encephalopathy?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of hypertensive encephalopathy?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of hypertensive encephalopathy?

Treatment

What is the focus of the initial treatment for hypertensive encephalopathy?

What is included in ICU care of patients with hypertensive encephalopathy?

Which medications are used in the treatment of hypertensive encephalopathy?

What is included in acute monitoring of patients with hypertensive encephalopathy?

How is hypertensive encephalopathy prevented?

What is included in long-term monitoring and care following treatment for hypertensive encephalopathy?

Medications

What is the goal of drug treatment for hypertensive encephalopathy?

Which medications in the drug class Antihypertensive, Other are used in the treatment of Hypertensive Encephalopathy?