Cytomegalovirus Colitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 04, 2019
  • Author: Douglas M Heuman, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What is the pathophysiology of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What are the risk factors for cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What is the prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis in the US?

What is the global prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What is the prognosis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What are the possible complications of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

DDX

Which precautions should be taken when treating high-risk patients with cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What are the benefits of prophylactic colon screening for cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Cytomegalovirus Colitis?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the workup of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What is the role of immunofluorescent antibody testing in the workup of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What is the advantage of shell viral assay cultures in the workup of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

Which lab tests are less likely to yield diagnostic information for cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

How are co-infecting pathogens assessed in the workup of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What is the role of alkaline phosphatase measurement in the workup of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What is the role of colonoscopy and endoscopy in the workup of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

Treatment

How is cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis treated in patients with HIV infection?

How is cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis treated in patients with non-HIV immunosuppressive factors?

How is cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis treated in immunocompetent patients?

What is included in inpatient treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

When is patient transfer considered for the treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What is included in long-term monitoring of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What is included in patient education about cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

How is cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis prevented?

Medications

What is the goal of drug treatment for cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antivirals are used in the treatment of Cytomegalovirus Colitis?