Esophagitis Questions & Answers

Updated: May 02, 2019
  • Author: Deepika Devuni, MBBS; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is esophagitis?

What are the symptoms of reflux esophagitis?

What are the symptoms of infectious esophagitis?

What is included in the physical exam for esophagitis?

What are the complications of esophagitis?

Which lab tests are performed in the diagnosis of esophagitis?

What is the role of imaging in the diagnosis of esophagitis?

Which studies may be helpful in the diagnosis of esophagitis?

How is esophagitis treated?

Which medications are used in the treatment of reflux esophagitis?

What causes infectious esophagitis?

What causes nonreflux, noninfectious esophagitis?

What is esophagitis?

What are the forms of esophagitis?

What is the pathophysiology of reflux esophagitis?

What is the pathophysiology of infectious esophagitis?

What are common types of infectious esophagitis?

What is the pathophysiology of fungal esophagitis?

What is the pathophysiology of viral esophagitis?

What is the pathophysiology of tuberculous esophagitis?

What is the pathophysiology of medication-induced esophagitis?

What is the pathophysiology of eosinophilic esophagitis?

What is the pathophysiology of radiation and chemoradiation esophagitis?

What causes esophagitis?

Which factors and conditions increase the risk of reflux esophagitis?

What causes infectious esophagitis?

Which systemic illnesses are associated with esophagitis?

Which therapeutic interventions may cause esophagitis?

What is prevalence of esophagitis?

What is the global prevalence of esophagitis?

In which systemic disorders is esophagitis prevalent?

What is the prognosis of esophagitis?

What are the complications of esophagitis?

Which lifestyle changes are used in the treatment of esophagus?

What is included in patient education about esophagitis?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of esophagitis?

What are the symptoms of reflux esophagitis?

What are the symptoms of infectious esophagitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of fungal esophagitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of herpes esophagitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of CMV esophagitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of esophagitis in patients with HIV infection?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of tuberculous esophagitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of esophagitis?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of esophagitis?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of Candida esophagitis?

How is herpes esophagitis differentiated from Candida esophagitis?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of esophagitis in patients with HIV infection?

What are ACG guidelines for the diagnosis and management of eosinophilic esophagitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Esophagitis?

Workup

Which studies are included in the initial evaluation of esophagitis?

What is the role of lab tests in the diagnosis of esophagitis?

What is the role of esophageal barium study (esophagography) in the diagnosis of esophagitis?

What is the role of esophageal barium study (esophagography) in the diagnosis of Candida esophagitis?

What is the role of esophageal barium study (esophagography) in the diagnosis of herpes esophagitis?

What is the role of esophageal barium study (esophagography) in the diagnosis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) esophagitis?

What is the role of esophageal barium study (esophagography) in the diagnosis of HIV-related esophagitis?

What is the role of esophageal barium study (esophagography) in the diagnosis of tuberculous esophagitis?

What is the role of esophageal barium study (esophagography) in differentiating graft versus host disease from esophagitis?

What is the role of upper endoscopy (esophagogastroduodenoscopy) in the diagnosis of esophagitis?

What is the role of blind brush cytology in the diagnosis of esophagitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of esophagitis?

How is Candida esophagitis graded?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of Candida esophagitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of herpes esophagitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of CMV esophagitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of varicella-zoster virus esophagitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of Epstein-Barr virus esophagitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of HIV esophagitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of HPV esophagitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of esophagitis from drug-induced skin disease?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of Behçet disease esophagitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of graft versus host disease esophagitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of inflammatory bowel disease esophagitis?

Treatment

How is esophagitis treated?

How is reflux esophagitis treated?

What is the basis of treatment selection for infectious esophagitis?

How is fungal esophagitis treated?

How is herpes esophagitis treated?

How is CMV esophagitis treated?

How is HIV esophagitis treated?

How is varicella-zoster virus esophagitis treated?

How is Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) esophagitis treated?

How is HPV esophagitis treated?

How is tuberculous esophagitis treated?

How is bacterial esophagitis treated?

How is nonreflux, noninfectious esophagitis treated?

How is Behçet disease esophagitis treated?

How is graft versus host disease esophagitis treated?

How is inflammatory bowel disease esophagitis treated?

How is eosinophilic esophagitis treated?

What are the ACG treatment guidelines for eosinophilic esophagitis?

How is metastatic cancer esophagitis treated?

How is medication-related esophagitis (pill esophagitis) treated?

How is radiation and chemoradiation esophagitis treated?

What is the role of dietary modifications in the treatment of esophagitis?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with esophagitis?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of esophagitis?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of esophagitis?

Which medications in the drug class Alkylating Agents are used in the treatment of Esophagitis?

Which medications in the drug class Immunosuppressives are used in the treatment of Esophagitis?

Which medications in the drug class Mast Cell Stabilizers are used in the treatment of Esophagitis?

Which medications in the drug class Leukotriene Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Esophagitis?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Esophagitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antiviral Agents are used in the treatment of Esophagitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antifungal Agents are used in the treatment of Esophagitis?

Which medications in the drug class Proton Pump Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Esophagitis?

Which medications in the drug class Gastrointestinal Protective Agents are used in the treatment of Esophagitis?

Which medications in the drug class Histamine-2 Receptor Antagonists are used in the treatment of Esophagitis?