Esophageal Leiomyoma Clinical Presentation

Updated: Nov 18, 2016
  • Author: Kavitha Kumbum, MD; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Presentation

History

Esophageal leiomyomas rarely cause symptoms when they are smaller than 5 cm in diameter. Large tumors can cause dysphagia, vague retrosternal discomfort, chest pain, esophageal obstruction, and regurgitation. Rarely, they can cause gastrointestinal bleeding, with erosion through the mucosa.

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Physical

Other than the nonspecific symptoms associated with esophageal leiomyomas, very few physical findings are ever noted. In extremely rare cases where severe esophageal obstruction is caused by a leiomyoma, weight loss and muscle wasting may be observed.

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