Esophageal Leiomyoma Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Nov 18, 2016
  • Author: Kavitha Kumbum, MD; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

Calcification may occur within a leiomyoma; this must be considered in the differential diagnosis of a calcified mediastinal mass.

Leiomyomatosis is a variation of leiomyoma in which multiple leiomyomas develop throughout the length of the esophagus and can be associated with Alport's syndrome. [2] An association also exists between esophageal leiomyomas and MEN type 1, [3] and case reports exist of leiomyomatosis presenting as pseudoachalasia. [4]

Differential Diagnoses