Chronic Gastritis Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 20, 2017
  • Author: Akiva J Marcus, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is chronic gastritis?

What is the difference between gastritis and gastropathy?

What is the classification system for chronic gastritis?

Which primary infection leads to chronic gastritis?

What is the pathophysiology of chronic gastritis?

What is the role of H pylori in the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis?

How does the clinical outcome vary by strain of H pylori infection?

What are the topographic patterns of chronic gastritis progression?

What are complications of H pylori- associated chronic gastritis?

What is the pathophysiology of infectious granulomatous gastritis?

What is the pathophysiology of chronic gastritis in patients with underlying immunosuppression?

What is the pathophysiology of autoimmune atrophic gastritis?

What is the pathophysiology of chronic reactive chemical gastropathy?

What is the pathophysiology of chronic noninfectious granulomatous gastritis?

What is the pathophysiology of lymphocytic gastritis?

What is the pathophysiology of eosinophilic gastritis?

What is the pathophysiology of radiation gastritis?

What is the pathophysiology of ischemic gastritis?

What causes infectious forms of chronic gastritis?

What causes noninfectious forms of chronic gastritis?

What is the prevalence of chronic gastritis in the US?

What are the racial predilections of chronic gastritis?

How have H pylori preventive measures affected the incidence of chronic gastritis?

What is the global prevalence of chronic gastritis?

How does the incidence of chronic gastritis vary by age?

How does the incidence of chronic gastritis vary by sex?

What is the prognosis of chronic gastritis?

How does the eradication of H pylori affect the prognosis of chronic gastritis?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of H pylori chronic gastritis?

What are the signs and symptoms of autoimmune gastritis?

What are the signs and symptoms of granulomatous gastritis?

How is idiopathic isolated granulomatous gastritis diagnosed?

Which clinical history findings suggest lymphocytic gastritis?

What are the signs and symptoms of eosinophilic gastroenteritis?

What are the signs and symptoms of gastritis in graft versus host disease (GVHD)?

Which physical findings suggest chronic gastritis?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Chronic Gastritis?

Workup

How is chronic gastritis diagnosed?

What is the role of lab studies in the diagnosis of chronic gastritis?

Which test results suggest the diagnosis of autoimmune gastritis?

What is the role of endoscopy in the diagnosis of chronic gastritis?

What is the role of biopsy in the diagnosis of chronic gastritis?

Which histologic findings indicate an infectious chronic gastritis?

What are the histologic findings suggestive of noninfectious causes of chronic gastritis?

What are the histologic findings characteristic of chronic gastritis in immunosuppressed patients?

What are the histologic findings characteristic of herpes simplex, caused chronic gastritis?

What are the histologic findings characteristic of chronic gastritis in graft versus host disease (GVHD)?

What are the histologic findings characteristic of eosinophilic gastritis?

What are the histologic findings characteristic of lymphocytic gastritis?

What are the histologic findings characteristic of chemical gastropathy?

What are the histologic findings characteristic of radiation gastritis?

What are the histologic findings characteristic of ischemic gastritis?

What are the histologic findings characteristic of idiopathic granulomatous gastritis?

Treatment

What is the focus of treatment for chronic gastritis?

What are the treatment options for H pylori chronic gastritis?

What is the most widely used regimen for eradicating H pylori in patients with chronic gastritis?

What are the components of triple therapies for treatment of H pylori chronic gastritis?

What are the components of PrevPac for treatment of H pylori chronic gastritis?

What are the components of Helidac triple therapy for treatment of H pylori chronic gastritis?

What are the components of quadruple therapies for treatment of H pylori chronic gastritis?

What are the treatment options for H pylori infection in children with chronic gastritis?

What is the efficacy of triple therapies for treatment of H pylori chronic gastritis, and what are adverse effects?

What is the included in long-term monitoring for patients with chronic gastritis?

Medications

What is the most widely used regimens for eradicating H pylori?

Which medications in the drug class Gastrointestinal Agents, Other are used in the treatment of Chronic Gastritis?

Which medications in the drug class Proton Pump Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Chronic Gastritis?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Chronic Gastritis?