Hydatid Cysts Questions & Answers

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: Imad S Dandan, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is a hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

Which species cause hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

What causes hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

What is the prevalence of hydatid disease (echinococcosis) in the US?

What is the global prevalence of hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

Which patient groups are at highest risk for hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

What is the prognosis of hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

What is the morbidity and mortality associated with hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

What are the complications of hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

Presentation

Which organs are affected by hydatid cysts?

What are the pressure effect symptoms of hydatid cysts?

What are the signs and symptoms of infection or leakage of hydatid cysts?

What are the signs and symptoms of alveolar echinococcosis (AE)?

What are physical findings suggestive of hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

What are the dermatologic findings suggestive of hydatid cysts?

Which vital sign findings suggest hydatid cysts?

Which pulmonary findings suggest hydatid cysts?

Which abdominal findings suggest hydatid cysts?

Which musculoskeletal findings suggest hydatid cysts?

Which CNS findings suggest hydatid cysts?

Which ocular findings suggest hydatid cysts?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Hydatid Cysts?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the diagnosis of hydatid cysts?

What is the role of the Casoni test in the diagnosis of hydatid cysts?

What is the role of radiography in the diagnosis of hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of hydatid cysts?

What is the role of CT scanning in the diagnosis of hydatid cysts?

What is the role of MRI in the diagnosis of hydatid cysts?

What is the role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the diagnosis and management of hydatid cysts?

Treatment

What is the inpatient care for hydatid cysts?

When should patients with hydatid cysts be transferred for treatment?

What are the medical treatment options for hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

What is the role of chemotherapy in the treatment of cystic echinococcosis (CE)?

What is the role of chemotherapy in the treatment of alveolar echinococcosis (AE)?

What is the role of the puncture, aspiration, injection, and reaspiration (PAIR) technique in the treatment of cystic echinococcosis (CE)?

Which interventional procedures are used in the treatment of alveolar echinococcosis (AE)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of cystic echinococcosis (CE)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of alveolar echinococcosis (AE)?

How is surgery performed for the treatment of cystic echinococcosis (CE)?

What is the role of benzimidazoles in the treatment of cystic echinococcosis (CE)?

What are effective alternative options for open surgery in the treatment of hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

Which specialist consultations are needed for the management of hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

How is hydatid disease (echinococcosis) prevented?

What is included in long-monitoring for hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

Medications

Which medications are used for hydatid cysts?

Which medications in the drug class Trematodicides are used in the treatment of Hydatid Cysts?

Which medications in the drug class Anthelmintics are used in the treatment of Hydatid Cysts?