Collagenous and Lymphocytic Colitis Clinical Presentation

Updated: Jan 04, 2017
  • Author: Joyann A Kroser, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Presentation

History & Physical Examination

History

A protracted course of nonbloody diarrhea occurs. Diarrhea may be of high volume; some patients may eliminate more than 1500 mL of fluid per day.

Symptoms may have been present from several months to 2-3 years before medical attention is sought and a diagnosis is made. In fact, perhaps half of patients proven to have microscopic colitis meet the Rome, Rome II, and Manning symptom-based criteria for diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome and may be so misdiagnosed until endoscopic biopsies of the colon are taken.

Less frequent complaints include abdominal cramping, fecal incontinence, and weight loss, although weight loss may be seen in 40% or more of patients with CC.

Incontinence is probably more a reflection of the advanced age of those individuals who are affected, and patients with this problem may do well if treated with antidiarrheal agents.

Physical Examination

Physical examination usually does not reveal any specific abnormalities. Severely affected individuals may show signs of dehydration, malnutrition, and weight loss.