Microscopic Colitis (Collagenous and Lymphocytic Colitis) Questions & Answers

Updated: Mar 25, 2021
  • Author: Harika Balagoni, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is microscopic colitis (MC)?

What is the pathophysiology of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

What causes microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

What conditions are associated with microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

What else increases the risk of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

What are the sex- and age-related demographics of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

What is the prognosis of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

Which physical findings are characteristic of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

DDX

When should microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC]) be ruled out?

What is included in the differential diagnosis of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

What are important considerations in microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

What are special concerns in microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

What are the differential diagnoses for Microscopic Colitis (Collagenous and Lymphocytic Colitis)?

Workup

What should be considered in the workup approach for microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

What are the roles of blood studies and stool samples in the workup of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

What is the role of immunohistochemical studies in the workup of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

Which procedures have a role in the workup of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

Treatment

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

How is microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC]) treated?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of microscopic colitis (MC) (collagenous colitis [CC] and lymphocytic colitis [LC])?

Which medications in the drug class Immunosuppressant drugs are used in the treatment of Microscopic Colitis (Collagenous and Lymphocytic Colitis)?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Microscopic Colitis (Collagenous and Lymphocytic Colitis)?

Which medications in the drug class Topical anti-inflammatory drugs are used in the treatment of Microscopic Colitis (Collagenous and Lymphocytic Colitis)?

Which medications in the drug class Antispasmodics are used in the treatment of Microscopic Colitis (Collagenous and Lymphocytic Colitis)?

Which medications in the drug class Anion exchange resins are used in the treatment of Microscopic Colitis (Collagenous and Lymphocytic Colitis)?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiarrheal agents are used in the treatment of Microscopic Colitis (Collagenous and Lymphocytic Colitis)?