Portosystemic Encephalopathy Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Sep 17, 2019
  • Author: Gagan K Sood, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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DDx

Diagnostic Considerations

Conditions to consider in patients with suspected portosystemic encephalopathy include the following:

  • Structural central nervous system lesions

  • Subdural hemorrhage

  • Intraparenchymal hemorrhage

  • Cerebral infarct

  • Intracranial infections

  • Encephalitis (eg, herpes simplex virus)

  • Intracerebral abscess

  • Hydrocephalus

  • Toxic or metabolic etiologies

  • Drug intoxication

  • Ethanol

  • Benzodiazepines

  • Ketoacidosis

  • Electrolyte disturbances

  • Hypercapnia

  • Hypoxia

  • Postictal encephalopathy

  • Functional psychoses

  • Metabolic encephalopathy

Differential Diagnoses