Protein-Losing Enteropathy Follow-up

Updated: Oct 24, 2016
  • Author: Naeem Aslam, MD; Chief Editor: Burt Cagir, MD, FACS  more...
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Follow-up

Prognosis

A retrospective study by John et al indicated that the survival rate has increased for patients who develop protein-losing enteropathy as a complication of the Fontan procedure, an operation for the treatment of several types of congenital heart abnormalities. Although the 5-year mortality rate has been reported to be 50% for patients who develop protein-losing enteropathy following the surgery, the investigators found that in 42 such patients identified from Mayo Clinic clinical databases, the survival rate at 5 years after the diagnosis of enteropathy was 88%. [16]

The survival rate tended to be lower, however, in patients with a high Fontan pressure, reduced ventricular function (ejection fraction < 55%), and a New York Heart Association functional classification of greater than 2. Treatments associated with a higher survival rate included spironolactone, octreotide, and sildenafil, as well as the creation of fenestrae and Fontan obstruction relief. [16]