Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 30, 2017
  • Author: Rohit Shahani, MD, MS, MCh; Chief Editor: Karlheinz Peter, MD, PhD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

Why is coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) performed?

What are the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) class I indications for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What are indications for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What are contraindications for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

Which factors might predispose a patient to complications from coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is included in preoperative evaluation for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

Which risk models are used to predict mortality from coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

Which medications may be administered prior to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is the role of anesthesia in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

How are patients monitored during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

Where is the conduit harvested from for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What are the surgical approaches used for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is the role coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD)?

How was coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) developed as a treatment for coronary artery disease (CAD)?

What are the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) indications for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

Which indications for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are associated with a survival benefit over medical therapy?

What are indications for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

Which factors increase the survival benefit of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

When is coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) preferred over medical therapy?

Which factors increase the benefit of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) over coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

When is coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) recommended in patients with comorbidities?

What are contraindications for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What are best practices in the performance of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What are the technical recommendation for performance of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is the role of a multidisciplinary heart team in procedure planning for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

How are cerebrovascular complications of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) prevented?

What is the efficacy of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What research is needed for future advances in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

Periprocedural Care

Which factors might predispose a patient to complications from coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is included in the routine preoperative evaluation for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is the difference between "off pump" and "on pump" coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

Which risk models are used to predict mortality from coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is the role of premedication in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

How is anesthesia initially administered in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

Which agents are used for muscle relaxation in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What procedures should be performed prior to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

How is anesthesia maintained during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is the patient positioning for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

How are patients monitored during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is included in surgery intensive care unit (SICU) management following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

Technique

What are harvesting sites for the conduit in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

How is a saphenous vein harvested for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

How are internal thoracic (mammary) arteries harvested for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is the usual incision used for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is the technique for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest?

What is the technique for cardiopulmonary bypass in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is the technique for placement of graft in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What are benefits of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) compared to on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What is the hybrid technique in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What are complications of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

What are complications of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

Medications

What are role of premedication in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)?

Which medications in the drug class Anticoagulants, Hematologic are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting?

Which medications in the drug class Neuromuscular Blockers, Nondepolarizing are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting?

Which medications in the drug class Anesthetic Agents are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting?

Which medications in the drug class Opioid Analgesics are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting?

Which medications in the drug class Anxiolytics, Benzodiazepines are used in the treatment of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting?