Ankle Sprain Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 14, 2019
  • Author: Craig C Young, MD; Chief Editor: Sherwin SW Ho, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are the signs and symptoms of an ankle sprain?

What is an ankle sprain?

What is included in the physical exam of an ankle sprain?

Which imaging studies are performed in the evaluation of an ankle sprain?

What is included in conservative therapy for an ankle sprains?

What is included in physical therapy for ankle sprains?

Which medications are used in the management of an ankle sprain?

What is the role of surgery in the management of ankle sprains?

What is an ankle sprain?

What are the classifications of ankle sprains?

How is instability of ankle sprains assessed?

What are the treatment options for ankle sprains?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of ankle sprain?

What is the anatomy relevant to ankle sprains?

What is the pathophysiology of ankle sprain?

What causes ankle sprains?

What causes recurrent ankle sprains?

What is the prevalence of ankle sprains?

What is the prognosis of ankle sprains?

What is the prognosis of recurrent ankle sprains?

What is the prognosis of subtalar and ankle instability resulting from ankle sprains?

What information about ankle sprains should patients receive?

Presentation

Which clinical history is characteristic of ankle sprains?

Which physical findings are characteristic for ankle sprains?

What is the role of anterior drawer test in the evaluation of ankle sprains?

What is the role of talar tilt test in the evaluation of ankle sprains?

What is the role of external rotation test in the evaluation of ankle sprains?

What is the role of squeeze test in the evaluation of ankle sprains?

What is the role of neurovascular assessment in the evaluation of ankle sprains?

How are ankle sprains graded?

What is the evaluation for functional instability in patients with ankle sprains?

DDX

How is ankle fracture differentiated from ankle sprain?

How is neurovascular compromise differentiated from an ankle sprain?

What conditions should be considered if pain continues after rehabilitation of an ankle sprain?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of ankle sprains?

What are the differential diagnoses for Ankle Sprain?

Workup

What is the role of imaging in the workup of ankle sprains?

What are the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA) guidelines for the workup of ankle sprains?

What are the Ottawa Ankle Rules and how are they used to diagnose ankle sprain?

What are views that should be included in the radiographic studies of ankle sprains?

What is the role of stress radiographic films in the diagnosis of ankle sprains?

What is the role of CT scanning in the diagnosis of ankle sprains?

What is the role of MRI in the diagnosis of ankle sprains?

What is the role of arthrographic imaging in the diagnosis of ankle sprains?

What is the role of a bone scan in the diagnosis of ankle sprains?

Treatment

What are the treatment options for ankle sprains?

What are National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA) guidelines for treating and preventing ankle sprains in athletes?

What is the goal of acute treatment for ankle sprains?

What is included in the conservative treatment of ankle sprains?

What is the role of braces in the acute treatment of ankle sprains?

What is the role of casts and splints in the acute treatment of ankle sprains?

What is the efficacy of bracing in the treatment of ankle sprains?

What is the role of ankle taping in the management of ankle sprains?

What is the role of NSAIDs in the treatment of ankle sprains?

What is the role of acupressure in the treatment of ankle sprains?

What are the treatment options for chronic recurrent ankle sprains?

What are the indications surgical intervention to treat ankle sprains?

What activity regimen is used following an ankle sprain to prepare athletes to return to play?

What are the return-to-play criteria for an ankle sprain during recovery phase?

What are the return-to-play criteria for an ankle sprain during the functional phase?

What is included in physical therapy for ankle sprains?

What are the long-term complications of ankle sprain?

How are recurrent ankle sprains prevented?

Which specialist consultations are helpful in the management of ankle sprain?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of ankle sprains?

Which medications in the drug class Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used in the treatment of Ankle Sprain?

Which medications in the drug class Analgesics are used in the treatment of Ankle Sprain?