Proctitis and Anusitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jun 11, 2018
  • Author: David E Stein, MD; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are proctitis and anusitis?

Which anatomy is relevant to proctitis and anusitis?

What is the pathophysiology of proctitis and anusitis?

What causes proctitis and anusitis?

What is the prevalence of proctitis and anusitis?

What is the prognosis of proctitis and anusitis?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of proctitis?

What is the focus of the clinical history for suspected proctitis and anusitis?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the diagnosis of proctitis and anusitis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of proctitis and anusitis?

What is the role of endoscopy in the diagnosis of proctitis and anusitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of proctitis and anusitis?

Treatment

How are proctitis and anusitis treated?

How is medical therapy for proctitis and anusitis selected?

How are idiopathic proctitis and inflammatory bowel disease-related proctitis treated?

How is infectious proctitis treated?

How is noninfectious proctitis treated?

When is surgery indicated in the treatment of proctitis and anusitis?

What is included in the preoperative evaluation of proctitis and anusitis?

How is surgery for proctitis and anusitis performed?

What postoperative care is provided following proctitis and anusitis surgery?

What are the possible complications of proctitis and anusitis surgery?

What is included in the long-term monitoring following proctitis and anusitis surgery?

Medications

What are the goals of drug treatment for proctitis and anusitis?

Which medications in the drug class Gastrointestinal Agents, Other are used in the treatment of Proctitis and Anusitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antivirals, HSV are used in the treatment of Proctitis and Anusitis?

Which medications in the drug class Amebicides are used in the treatment of Proctitis and Anusitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Proctitis and Anusitis?

Which medications in the drug class Immunosuppressants are used in the treatment of Proctitis and Anusitis?

Which medications in the drug class 5-Aminosalicylic Acid Derivatives are used in the treatment of Proctitis and Anusitis?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Proctitis and Anusitis?