Inferior Vena Caval Thrombosis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jun 12, 2018
  • Author: Luis G Fernandez, MD, FACS, FASAS, FCCP, FCCM, FICS, KHS, KCOEG; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is inferior vena caval thrombosis (IVCT)?

What is the anatomy relevant to inferior vena caval thrombosis (IVCT)?

What causes inferior vena caval thrombosis (IVCT)?

What is the role of compression in the pathogenesis of inferior vena caval thrombosis (IVCT)?

What is the role of hematomas in the pathogenesis of inferior vena caval thrombosis (IVCT)?

What is the role of nephrotic syndrome in the pathogenesis of inferior vena caval thrombosis (IVCT)?

What are the iatrogenic causes of inferior vena caval thrombosis (IVCT)?

Which anomalies the of inferior vena caval are associated with inferior vena caval thrombosis (IVCT)?

Which conditions are associated with inferior vena caval thrombosis?

What is the prevalence of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

What is the prognosis of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

What are the signs and symptoms of Budd-Chiari syndrome in patients with inferior vena caval thrombosis?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

Workup

How is inferior vena caval thrombosis diagnosed?

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

What is the role of contrast venography in the workup of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

What is the role of duplex ultrasonography in the workup of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

Treatment

How is inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT) treated?

What is the role of anticoagulants and thrombolytic agents in the treatment of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

What is the role of caval interruption in the treatment of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

What is the role of thrombectomy in the treatment of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

What is the role of endovascular intervention in the treatment of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

What combination of several interventional modalities are available to treat inferior vena caval thrombosis (IVCT)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVCT)?

Which medications in the drug class Thrombolytics are used in the treatment of Inferior Vena Caval Thrombosis?

Which medications in the drug class Vitamin K Antagonists are used in the treatment of Inferior Vena Caval Thrombosis?

Which medications in the drug class Anticoagulants are used in the treatment of Inferior Vena Caval Thrombosis?