Short-Bowel Syndrome Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 16, 2021
  • Author: Burt Cagir, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is short-bowel syndrome?

What is the GI anatomy relevant to short-bowel syndrome?

What is the pathophysiology of short-bowel syndrome?

How is the acute phase of short-bowel syndrome characterized?

How is the adaptation phase of short-bowel syndrome characterized?

How is the maintenance phase of short-bowel syndrome characterized?

What causes short-bowel syndrome?

What is the prevalence of short-bowel syndrome?

What is the prognosis of short-bowel syndrome?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of short-bowel syndrome?

What are the signs and symptoms of nutritional deficiencies in short-bowel syndrome?

Which physical findings are characteristic of short-bowel syndrome?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of short-bowel syndrome?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of short-bowel syndrome?

What is the role of bone density testing in the workup of short-bowel syndrome?

What is the role of liver biopsy in the treatment of short-bowel syndrome?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of short-bowel syndrome?

Treatment

When is surgery indicated in the treatment of short-bowel syndrome?

What are the contraindications to surgery for short-bowel syndrome?

What are investigational treatments for short-bowel syndrome?

How are fluids and electrolyte disorders managed in short-bowel syndrome?

What is the role of parenteral nutrition in the treatment of short-bowel syndrome?

What is the role of medications in the treatment of short-bowel syndrome?

Which surgical interventions are used in the treatment of short-bowel syndrome?

What is the efficacy of nontransplant surgical treatments for short-bowel syndrome?

What is the efficacy of transplant surgery for the treatment of short-bowel syndrome?

What are the factors considered in the selection of surgery for short-bowel syndrome?

How is surgery performed for the treatment of short-bowel syndrome?

What is included in postoperative care following surgery for short-bowel syndrome?

What are the possible complications of short-bowel syndrome surgery?

What are the postoperative complications of short-bowel syndrome nontransplant surgery?

What the possible complications of transplantation in short-bowel syndrome?

What is included in long-term monitoring of short-bowel syndrome?

Medications

Which medications in the drug class Growth Hormone Analogs are used in the treatment of Short-Bowel Syndrome?

Which medications in the drug class GLP-2 Analogs are used in the treatment of Short-Bowel Syndrome?