Arterial Line Placement Medication

Updated: May 15, 2017
  • Author: Alex Koyfman, MD; Chief Editor: Vincent Lopez Rowe, MD  more...
  • Print
Medication

Medication Summary

The goal of pharmacotherapy is to provide local anesthesia, both superficial and deep, before and throughout the procedure.

Next:

Antiseptics

Class Summary

These agents inhibit growth of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.

Chlorhexidine gluconate (PerioGard, Peridex, Hibiclens, Avagard)

Chlorhexidine binds to negatively charged bacterial cell walls and extramicrobial complexes. It has bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects.

Povidone-iodine ophthalmic solution 5% (Betadine)

Povidone-iodine is an antibacterial agent with broad antibacterial and antiviral activity. No bacteria are known to be resistant to it.

Previous
Next:

Local Anesthetics

Class Summary

Local anesthetic agents are used to increase patient comfort during the procedure.

Lidocaine (Xylocaine)

Lidocaine is an amide local anesthetic. This agent inhibits depolarization of type C sensory neurons by blocking sodium channels. It is provided by means of local infiltration of 1% lidocaine buffered with sodium bicarbonate.

Previous